تأثیر پیوند روی– پایه‌های تجاری کدو بر رشد، عملکرد، جذب عناصر و کیفیت میوه چند رقم خیار گلخانه‌ای

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 استاد گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

در تولید سبزی‌های میوه‌ای در گلخانه، پیوند روی پایه‌های مقاوم یکی از مهمترین روش‌های مقابله با مشکلاتی مثل دمای پایین ریشه و بیماری‌های خاک‌زاد است. به‌منظور بررسی اثر پایه‌های تجاری کدو (شینتوزا، کبالت و روت‌پاور) روی شاخص‌های کیفی و کمی سه رقم خیار گلخانه‌ای (شاهین، ناگین و کاترینا) آزمایشی به‌صورت فاکتوریل (فاکتور اول شامل سه رقم خیار گلخانه‌ای و فاکتور دوم سه رقم پایه به همراه شاهد) بر پایه طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با چهار تکرار، تحت شرایط هیدروپونیک در ایستگاه تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه تبریز در سال 1395 انجام شد. در این آزمایش علاوه بر بررسی سازگاری پایه و پیوندک، شاخص‌های کیفی میوه شامل اسیدیته، مواد جامد محلول، pH، نشت یونی و شاخص‌های رشد شامل سطح برگ، وزن خشک ساقه و برگ، طول ساقه، عملکرد، جذب عناصر معدنی (نیتروژن، فسفر و پتاسیم) در میوه، برگ و ریشه مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که پایه‌های کدو سبب افزایش در وزن تر و خشک بخش هوایی، عملکرد، سطح برگ، تعداد میوه و مواد جامد محلول شد. پیوند سبب کاهش طول میوه خیارها شد و در قطر ساقه بی‌تأثیر بود. بالاترین درصد ماده خشک میوه 46/5 و 40/5 درصد به‌ترتیب مربوط به ترکیب پیوندی شاهین/ شینتوزا و ناگین/ شینتوزا بود. بالاترین مواد جامد محلول میوه 41/4 مربوط به ترکیب پیوندی شاهین/ روت‌ پاور بود. پیوند منجر به افزایش جذب عناصر غذایی نیتروژن، پتاسیم و فسفر شد. به‌طور کلی پیوند روی این پایه‌های در اکثر صفات دارای تأثیر مثبت بود و تأثیر منفی روی طعم و مزه خیارهای گلخانه‌ای نداشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Grafting on Several Commercial Cucurbit Rootstocks on Growth, Yield, Nutrient Uptake and Fruit Quality of Some Greenhouse Cucumber Cultivars

نویسندگان [English]

  • Asrin Mohamadpour 1
  • Sahebali Bolandnazar 2
  • Jaber Panahandeh Yingjeh 3
1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: In the production of fruit vegetables in the greenhouse, grafting on resistant rootstocks is one of the most important methods to deal with problems such as low root temperatures and soil diseases.
Materials and Methods: In order to evaluate the effect of commercial cucurbita rootstocks (Shintoza, Rootpower, Cobalt) on qualitative and quantitative three cultivars of greenhouse cucumber (Shahin, Nogin, Katrina), an experiment was carried out in a factorial completely randomized block design (The first factor consists of three cultivars of cucumber and the second factor consists of three base cultivars with the control (no grafting) under hydroponic with four replicates in the Agricultural Research Station, University of Tabriz in field Conditions at 2016. In this experiment, in addition to evaluating root and scion compatibility, fruit quality indices including acidity, TSS, pH, EC and growth indices including leaf area, stem and leaf dry weight, stem length, yield, mineral uptake (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) was examined in fruits, leaves and roots.
Results and Discussion: The results showed that rootstocks caused an increase in fresh and dry weight of shoots, yield, leaf area, number of fruits and soluble solids. The graft reduced the length of the cucumbers and had no effect on the diameter. The highest percentages of fruit dry matter were 5.46% and 5.40%, respectively, for Shahin/ Shintoza and Nogin/ Shintoza. The highest soluble solids of fruit 4.41 were related to Shahin/ Rootpower bonding compound. Transplantation increased the uptake of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus nutrients.
Conclusion: In general, grafting on these rootstocks had a positive effect on most traits especially on fruit yield and had no negative effect on the taste of greenhouse cucumbers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cobalt
  • Fruit dry weight
  • Katrina
  • Nogin
  • Rootpower
  • Shahin
  • Shintoza
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