بررسی رشد، عملکرد و ارزش غذایی پنج رقم تربچه در منطقه بم

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد علوم باغبانی، دانشگاه آزاد جیرفت. کرمان، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران. ایران.

3 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران. ایران.

10.22034/iuvs.2016.25764

چکیده

تربچــه از مهمتریــن محصــولات ســبزی تــازه‌خــوری اســت کــه تولیــد، عملکــرد و کیفیــت آن شــدیداً تحــت تأثیــر عوامــل محیطــی از جملــه دمــا، نــور و تغذیــه گیــاه قــرار می‌گیــرد. ایــن پژوهــش بــه‌منظــور بررســی و مقایســه رشــد، عملکــرد و کیفیــت محصــول پنــج رقــم تربچــه در شرایــط آب و هوایــی شهرســتان بــم بــه‌صــورت طــرح بلــوک کامــل تصادفــی و بــا ســه تکــرار در شرایــط مزرعــه‌ای انجــام گردیــد. ارقــام مــورد مطالعــه شــامل: چری‌بــل، کاریســتال، امامــی، کیــوان و کاریزنــو بودنــد. نتایــج آزمایــش نشــان داد کــه ارقــام مــورد بررســی از نظــر صفــات رویشــی و همچنیــن برخــی صفــات مرتبــط بــا کیفیــت و ارزش غذایــی تفــاوت معنــی‌داری با هــم دارنــد. از نظــر وزن خشــک بــرگ، ارقــام کاریزنــو و امامی بیشترین مقــدار و رقــم کیــوان کمتریــن میــزان وزن خشــک بــرگ را دارا بودنــد. بــر اســاس نتایــج بیشــترین وزن تــر غــده و عملکــرد غــده در رقــم کاریزنــو و ســپس در رقــم چری‌بل به‌دســت آمــد. بیشترین طول غده نیز در ارقام چری‌بل و کاریزنــو و کیــوان حاصــل شــد کــه تفــاوت معنــی‌داری بــا ارقــام کاریســتال و امامــی داشــتند. بیشــترین مقــدار ویتامیــن ث، اســیدیته و غلظــت پتاســیم غــده نیــز بــه‌ترتیــب در ارقــام کاریزنــو و چری‌بل به‌دســت آمــد. تفاوتــی بیــن ارقــام مــورد مطالعــه از نظــر تعــداد بــرگ، شــاخص کلروفیــل، قطــر غــده و درصــد مــواد جامــد محلــول مشــاهده نشــد. بــا توجــه بــه نتایــج به‌دســت آمــده، احتمالاً کشت دو رقــم کاریزنــو و چریما در منطقــه و شرایــط آب و هوایــی مشــابه، عملکــرد کمــی و کیفــی بهتری را باعث گردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of Growth Yield and Nutritional Value of Five Radish Cultivars in Bam Region

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Lashkari zadeh 1
  • Mohammad Kazem Souri 2
  • Moin Naieji 3
1 M.Sc. Graduate, Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Jiroft Azad University. Kerman, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3 M.Sc. Graduate, Department of Horticulture Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Radish is one of the most important fresh vegetable products that its production, yield and quality are strongly influenced by environmental factors such as temperature. The present study compared the growth, yield and product quality, five varieties of radish in the city of Bam weather conditions as a randomized complete block design with three replications was conducted under field conditions. The cultivars studied included: Cheribal, Karistal, Emami, Saturn and Karizno. The results of the experiment showed that the cultivars studied were significantly different in terms of vegetative traits as well as some traits related to quality and nutritional value. In terms of leaf dry weight, Karizano and Emami cultivars had the highest amount and Saturn cultivar had the lowest leaf dry weight. Based on the results, the highest gland wet weight and gland function were obtained in Carizeno cultivar and then in Cherybell cultivar. The highest tuber length was obtained in Cherybel, Karizno and Saturn cultivars, which were significantly different from Karistal and Imami cultivars. The highest amount of vitamin C, acidity and potassium concentration of the gland were also improved in Cariseno and Cheribal cultivars, respectively. No differences were observed between the studied cultivars in terms of leaf number, chlorophyll index, tuber diameter and percentage of soluble solids. According to the improved results, it is likely that the cultivation of two cultivars, Karizano and Charima, in the region and similar climatic conditions, will result in better quantitative and qualitative yield.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Radish
  • Cultivar
  • Yield
  • Gland
  • Quality
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