تأثیر کاربرد ورمی‌کمپوست و پوترسین بر شاخص‌های مورفولوژیکی و فیزیولوژیکی خیار (Cucumis sativus L.)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه علوم و مهندسی خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

 این تحقیق به‌منظور ارزیابی استفاده از ورمی‌کمپوست و پوترسین بر خصوصیات مورفولوژیکی، رنگدانه‌های فتوسنتزی و عملکرد گیاه خیار گلخانه‌ای رقم یلدا انجام شد. آزمایش به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با سه تکرار در گلخانه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی انجام شد. فاکتورهای آزمایش شامل ورمی‌کمپوست (صفر، 20، 40 و 60 درصد حجمی) و محلول‌پاشی پوترسین (صفر، 5/0، 1 و 5/1 میلی‌مولار) بود. نتایج نشان داد که کاربرد توأم پوترسین و ورمی‌کمپوست موجب بهبود ارتفاع بوته، سطح برگ و ماده خشک شاخساره شد. بیشترین مقدار عملکرد میوه (2760 گرم در بوته) با کاربرد 40 درصد ورمی‌کمپوست توأم با محلول‌پاشی 5/0 میلی‌مولار پوترسین به‌دست آمد. همچنین، کمترین میزان عملکرد میوه (698 گرم در بوته) با استفاده 60 درصد ورمی‌کمپوست بدون محلول‌پاشی پوترسین مشاهده گردید. محلول‌پاشی با پوترسین در بسترهای کشت فاقد ورمی‌کمپوست، در اکثر تیمارها باعث افزایش مقدار رنگیزه‌های مورد مطالعه شد. اما با استفاده‌ی توأم ورمی‌کمپوست با محلول‌پاشی پوترسین نتایج متفاوتی به‌دست آمد. کاربرد 20 درصد ورمی‌کمپوست در بستر کشت بیشترین تأثیر را در افزایش رنگیزه‌های فتوسنتزی (کلروفیل a، کلروفیل کل و کاروتنوئیدها) داشت. استفاده بیش از 20 درصد ورمی‌کمپوست به بستر کشت موجب کاهش مقدار این رنگیزه‌های فتوسنتزی بدون محلول‌پاشی پوترسین نسبت به شاهد شد. افزودن 40 و 60 درصد ورمی‌کمپوست به بستر کشت باعث افزایش مقدار کلروفیل b نسبت به شاهد گردید. به‌طورکلی نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد که کاربرد تلفیقی ورمی‌کمپوست به‌میزان تا 40 درصد حجمی همراه با محلول‌پاشی 5/0 میلی‌مولار پوترسین در تولید خیار گلخانه‌ای کارآمد می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Vermicompost and and Putrescin Application on Morphological and Physiological Indices of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • AAli-Ashraf Soltani Toolarood 1
  • Kobra Abdolahi 2
  • Behrouz Esmaielpour 3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardebil, Iran
2 M.Sc. Graduate, Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardebil, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardebil, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effect of vermicompost and putrescine on morphological characteristics, photosynthetic pigments and yield of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. var. Yalda). The experiment was conducted as a factorial experiment in completely randomized design with three replications at the research greenhouse of the University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Iran. The treatments were consisted of vermicompost (0, 20, 40 and 60 volume percent) and putrescine (0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5 mM). Results showed that application of putrescine and vermicompost simultaneously improved plant height, leaf area and shoot dry weight of cucumber. The highest yield (2760 gr/plant) was achieved by application of 40% vermicompost and 0.5 mM putrescine solution. The lowest yield (698 gr/plant) was also achieved by application of 60% vermicompost without putrescine. Application of putrescine without vermicompost caused increased in the pigments in most of the treatments. However, putrescine with vermicompost had different results. Application of 20% vermicompost in the bedding had the greatest effect on the increase of photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a, total chlorophyll and carotenoids). Application of vermicompost without putrescine caused reduction in the photosynthetic pigments. Adding 40 and 60% vermicompost to the sowing bed resulted in an increase in the amount of chlorophyll b compared with the control.. In general the results of this investigation showed that integrative application of vermicompost upto 40% with spraying 0.5 mM putrescine can be effective for greenhouse cucumber production.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • organic fertilizers
  • Photosynthetic pigments
  • putrescine
  • Yield

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